Importance of Income Tax File

Filing an Income Tax Return (ITR) is crucial even if your income is below the exemption limit. An ITR serves as a legal document, acting as proof of identity and income. It allows you to claim deductions, which can reduce your taxable income, and is essential when applying for loans or credit cards. Additionally, a consistent filing history can ease visa applications. Not filing can result in penalties and prevents you from carrying forward losses under sections 70 and 71 of the Income-tax Act 1961. Ultimately, filing ITR supports national development by contributing to government funds.

Importance of Income Tax File

An Income Tax Return is a document that taxpayers use to declare the specifics of their income, the tax due on that income, exemptions, and deductions for a specific fiscal year.

Are you wondering whether you should file your income tax return or not? 

Or you read somewhere that if your income is below the basic exemption limit, then you might as well skip filing your income tax return. However, before you make up your mind about not filing your ITR, it's worth considering the advantages of filing your income tax return, even if it's not mandatory. 

1. It Acts as a Legal Document

Income Tax Return holds immense legal value. It is recorded with the government. It acts as legal proof in two ways,

a. Identity Proof

The return that you fill can be used as identity proof in various scenarios such as while applying for an AADHAR card, or any other document. The government accepts it as a proof of address as well.

b. Income Proof

As discussed, the ITR form contains a detailed list of all your incomes and expenses. On this basis, the tax you have to file is calculated.

Thus, ITR can also be used as income proof as some transactions such as the purchase of property do require you to show proof of income.

This can come in handy for the ones who are self-employed and don't receive Form 16.

2. Can help you Claim Deductions

To reduce the burden on the taxpayers and to encourage more people to pay their taxes, the government allows certain deductions to you.

a) These deductions and exemptions can be availed in some investments and thus help in reducing the tax you ultimately pay.

b) TDS and rebates can also be claimed back.

But to have access to these tax benefits, you are required to file an income tax return. If you have not filed ITR you cannot claim deductions as well.

3. Important Document While Applying for Loans

When you decide to apply for a loan to purchase something, say a car or a new home for your family or for business, the bank requires you to submit some documents such as

a) Aadhar card

b) PAN card

c) Driver's license

d) Photo ID etc

One important document asked is your income proof. Banks generally asked for ITR for the last three years. This is done to assess your past and current financial situation and whether you will be able to pay the loan or not.

Not only while applying for loans from the bank, but ITR can also be useful to get you a credit card as well. Credit card companies also ask for your past salary and returns before issuing you the card.

4. Helps if Planning to go Abroad

Going abroad involves some procedures to be followed. If you do not file your ITR, then it can deter your plans to go abroad. ITR form is one item in the list of the documents that are required by the countries that you want to visit.

This is because of the following:

a. Having a history of filing income tax returns helps your case and improves your chances of getting visa approval.

b. It gives details about your financial situation to the embassy.

5. Avoid Penalty and Punishment

The taxes that apply to you are governed by the Income Tax Act 1961. Thus, you are required to pay taxes if you fall above the exempt criteria.

So, if you are eligible to pay taxes on your income and yet still fail to file your Income Tax Returns, then you attract charges

The income tax officer can levy a penalty of up to Rs 5000 Rs. Other serious punishments can also occur if you do not file returns.

Thus, you should file ITR to be safe from such penalties and punishments.

6. Losses can be Carried Forward

Section 70 and 71 of The Income-tax Act 1961 contains some provisions for carrying forwarding losses of a particular year to the subsequent year. This means that you can move your loss to the next assessment year.


In conclusion, filing your income tax return benefits you and the country. The government uses your tax dollars to improve the nation's infrastructure and other services like healthcare and defence. In addition, the government can spend more money and give us a better country if more people register.

What's Your Reaction?